Abuse: To hurt or inflict damage on another person, either emotionally, physically or both.
Accident: An unplanned event that causes harm to people or damage to property.
Assault: Applying force intentionally on another person, directly or indirectly, without that person’s consent or when a person attempts or threatens to apply force.
Discrimination based on a prohibited ground: Unequal, unfair and differential treatment of individuals who are members of particular social groups that have been historically disadvantaged. Discrimination based on human rights grounds or “prohibited grounds” listed in Canadian Human Rights Act include race, nationality, ethnicity, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, genetic characteristics, age, religion, marital or family status, criminal conviction, or physical or mental health related disability. Some provincial and territorial human rights legislations include other grounds such as social status, political beliefs or association, as a “prohibited ground” as well.
Discrimination may be intentional or unintentional. It may be overt differential treatment. It may also be systemic or institutionalized in policies, procedures and practices. If a behaviour or practice has a disproportionate, negative effect on a particular prohibited ground, it is discrimination. Negative effect includes being deprived of benefits or opportunities or privileging others to those benefits and opportunities.
Domestic violence: Any form of physical, sexual, emotional or psychological abuse, including financial control, stalking and harassment. It occurs between opposite or same-sex intimate partners, who may or may not be married, common law, or living together. It can also continue to happen after a relationship has ended.
Harassment: Act of engaging in a course of vexatious comment or conduct against a worker that is known or ought reasonably to be known to be unwelcome.
Verbal, physical or visual forms of harassment;
Behavior or expression that could offend any reasonable person;
Inappropriate conduct that may or may not be intentional;
A series of conduct or comments that happens one time or over a period of time, if the incident is serious, egregious and/or constitutes a threat;
Incidents where the victim does not expressly object to the harassment;
Unwelcome comments or conduct which may or may not be directed at a specific person; and
Comments or conducts that ridicule or disparage a group that could cause humiliation, insult, apprehension or disruption that poisons the environment.
Harassment (human rights): Harassment based on human rights grounds or “prohibited grounds” listed in Canadian Human Rights Act include race, nationality, ethnicity, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, genetic characteristics, age, religion, marital or family status, criminal conviction, or physical or mental health related disability. Some provincial and territorial human rights legislations include other grounds such as social status, political beliefs or association, as a “prohibited ground” as well.
Harassment (personal): Also known as non-human rights harassment, is not limited to the “grounds” and is defined as repeated conduct which is hostile or unwanted, and includes verbal comments, actions or gestures that affect a member’s dignity, psychological integrity or physical integrity, resulting in a harmful environment.
Harassment (psychological): Any vexatious behaviour in the form of repeated and hostile or unwanted conduct, verbal comments, actions or gestures that affects an employee’s dignity or psychological or physical integrity and that results in a harmful work environment for the employee.
Harassment (sexual): Harassment of a sexual nature. It can include touching, comments, sexual jokes or unwanted sexual suggestions or advances.
Mobbing: A type of group behaviour by co-workers to exclude, punish or humiliate a targeted worker. It is best described as group bullying.
Rudeness: Offensive or undignified behavior that is deemed to be socially unacceptable or inconsiderate. It does not constitute bullying unless it is aimed towards a target with the intent to victimize.
Workplace bullying: Bullying is a form of harassment. Repeated, persistent aggressive behaviour between employees in or outside a workplace that escalates over time and leads to victimization of a person. It includes any inappropriate conduct or comments by a person toward a worker that the person knew or reasonably ought to have known would cause that worker to be humiliated or intimidated. It excludes any reasonable action taken by an employer relating to the management of workers.
Workplace violence: Any action, conduct, threat or gesture of a person toward an employee in their workplace that can reasonably be expected to cause harm, injury or illness to that employee.