Employment Equity: Some Facts and Figures

Did you know...?

  • Currently, racialized people (“visible minorities”) represent about 19% the Canadian population. Statistics Canada projects that by the year 2031 that number will increase to 30%.
  • As of March 2015, racialized people represented only 13.8% of federal public service employees, and only 8.8% of public service Executives.
  • In 2014-15 only 3.5% of new hires into the federal public service were people with disabilities, as compared to their workforce availability of 4.4%.
  • People with disabilities represented only 2.8% of workers in the federal private sector as of 2014.
  • In the 2014 Public Service Employee Survey, 37% of employees with disabilities reported that they had experienced harassment in the workplace.
  • Although women make up about 54% of all employees in the federal public service, they are mostly employed in Administrative Support, where they represent almost 80% of workers. In the Technical category, women represent only 25% of the workforce.
  • In the federal private sector, women continue to be under-represented in almost all job categories (as of 2014).
  • In 2014, Aboriginal workers only represented 2.1% of workers in the federal private sector, despite having an availability rate of 3.5%.
  • Aboriginal workers in the public service are twice as likely as non-Aboriginal workers to be in seasonal jobs.
  • Almost half of recent immigrants to Canada have university degrees, versus only 20% of the Canadian-born population. The unemployment rate for university-educated recent immigrants is 4 times that of university-educated Canadian born.
  • In 2011, the unemployment rate for the working-age Aboriginal population was more than twice the rate for other Canadians of the same age (13% versus 6%).

Sources: Statistics Canada (various sources); Treasury Board Secretariat, Employment Equity in the Public Service of Canada 2014-15; Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, Employment Equity Act: Annual Report 2015; Public Service Employee Survey 2014


February 2, 2017